The inguinal ligament is a band running from the pubic tubercle to the anterior superior iliac spine. It forms the base of the inguinal canal through which an indirect inguinal hernia may develop. The inguinal canals are the two passages in the anterior abdominal wall which in males convey A hernia that exits the abdominal cavity directly through the deep layers of the abdominal wall, thereby bypassing the inguinal canal, is known. Inguinal Hernia: Anatomy and Management is intended for general surgeons and hernia specialists. The goal of this activity is to define current treatment.

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It is filled with loose connective tissue and fat, and there are no obvious blood vessels. Articles to be merged from August All articles to be merged All articles with unsourced statements Anahomi with unsourced statements from January Commons category link from Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with TA98 identifiers.

The inguinal canal is a short passage that extends inferiorly and medially through the inferior part of the abdominal wall.

During development each gonad ovary or testicle descend from their starting point on the posterior abdominal wall para-aortically from the labioscrotal swellings near the kidneys, down the abdomenand through the inguinal canals to reach the scrotum. This condition is far more common in males than in females, owing to the inguinal canal’s small size in females.

Otherwise, it is easy to accidentally damage the inferior epigastric vessels or pierce the peritoneum, which may cause difficulties while hermia laparoscopic surgery or even require conversion to iinguinalis surgery.

Frontolateral view of the right side of the pelvis. A hernia is defined as the protrusion of an organ or fascia through the wall anatimi a cavity that normally contains it. Clinically it is important to note that the opening to the inguinal canal is located laterally to the inferior epigastric artery. Colles’ ligament is reflex ligament not inguinal ligament. Indirect inguinal hernias are the more common of the two types.


Inguinal hernia, laparoscopic repair, anatomy.

Inguinal ligament – Wikipedia

Thus, the internal spermatic fascia must be incised during separation of the oblique inguinal hernia sac Figure 5 to expose the spermatic cord structures and the hernia sac. In this article, we shall look at the anatomy of the inguinal canal — its development, borders and contents.

There is some dispute over the attachments. Discuss Proposed since August During a laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, the dangerous triangle the triangle of doom refers to a triangular area bound by the vas deferens, the testicular vessels and the peritoneal fold.

Inguinal canal

The inguinal canal is the pathway by which the testes in an individual with an XY karyotype leave the abdominal cavity and enter the scrotum. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Inguinal ligament. The processus vaginalis normally degeneratesbut a failure to do so can cause an indirect inguinal hernia, a hydrocele, or interfere with infuinalis descent of the testes.

Current trends in laparoscopic groin hernia repair: Inguinal triangle Inguinal canal Deep inguinal ring Superficial inguinal ring Intercrural fibers Crura of superficial inguinal ring Inguinal ligament Pectineal ligament Lacunar ligament Reflected ligament. A single-side repair of the myopectineal orifice can simultaneously and completely repair the site of anatomical anatkmi for inguinal, direct and femoral hernias.

To facilitate this description, the anatomical structures of the lower anterior abdominal wall especially with respect to the transverse fascia are defined as follows Figure 3.

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Anatomy essentials for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair

The anterior wall of the left inguinal canal has been removed. The canals are approximately 3.

The iliopubic tract is a thickened tendinous structure of the transverse abdominal fascia that connects the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic tubercle and parallels inguinaliss inguinal ligament Figure Therefore, the preperitoneal retropubic space should include the space of Retzius, a part of the visceral space and a part of the parietal space. Minor damage can result in abnormal sensation in the area innervated by these nerves.


The spermatic cord or the round ligament of the uterus runs through the suprainguinal region, while the femoral nerve, the femoral artery, the femoral vein and the femoral canal run through the subinguinal region. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Thus lymphatic spread from a testicular tumour is to the para-aortic nodes first, and not the inguinal nodes. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Sign up Log in.

Inguinal ligament

This page was last ingkinalis on 27 Novemberat Preperitoneal retropubic space and extraperitoneal space posterior to the transverse fascia space of Bogros These two spaces are potential non-natural cavities under the lower anterior abdominal wall, and they lie in between the superficial transverse fascia and the peritoneum Figure 6. The gubernaculum once it has shortened in the process of the descent of the testes becomes a small scrotal ligament, tethering the testes to the scrotum and limiting their movement.

On the left side the cavity of the tunica vaginalis has been opened; on the right side only the layers superficial to the Cremaster have been removed. The anatomy of these procedures is totally different from traditional open procedures because they are performed from different direction and in different space.

The inguinal canals are larger and more prominent in males. Important anatomic structures and landmarks During laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, it is important to recognize the hernoa important structures in the abdominal cavity: